Apart from manufacturing and exporting eco-friendly jute and cotton handbags as a pledge towards checking environmental pollution and global warming, EarthyyBags keeps watch on how countries and nations are keeping similar pledges all over the world. However, it regrets to observe that out of 190 nations which pledged to reduce their respective levels of carbon emissions (Paris Agreement 2015 on climate change) by way of shifting over to renewable energy none honored the pledge, while India, save and except UK, did her best in keeping her commitments towards reaching the goal, especially in production of renewable energy in the electricity sector. Here is a brief study of India’s achievements in terms of production of renewable energy in course of the past few years.
India, in fact is currently processing one of the largest and most ambitious renewable capacity expansion programs in the world. Cutting edge renewable electricity sources are projected to develop extensively everyday that include a more than doubling of India's large wind power capacity and an almost 15 fold increase in solar power from April 2016 rank. Such ambitious targets would no doubt place India among the world leaders in renewable energy use and set the sub continent at the centre of its "Sunshine Countries" International Solar Alliance project, promoting the growth and development of solar power internationally to over 120 countries.
What’s more, the country has set a target of achieving 40% of its total electricity generation from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030, as stated in its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions statement in the Paris Agreement. A blueprint draft published by Central Electricity Authority projects that 57% of the total electricity capacity will be from renewable sources by 2027. In the 2027 forecasts, India aims at achieving renewable energy installed capacity of 275 GW, in addition to 72 GW of hydro-energy, 15 GW of nuclear energy and nearly 100 GW from “other zero emission” sources.
Wind Power Capacity
As of March 31 2018, Wind power capacity in India recorded 34,046 MW, making the country the fourth-largest wind power producer in the world. It also has fairly strong manufacturing base in wind power with 20 manufactures of 53 different wind turbine models of international quality up to 3 MW in size that are exported to Europe, the USA and other countries. Wind or Solar PV paired with four-hour battery storage systems is already cost effective, sans subsidy, as a source of dispatch able generation, as compared to coal and new gas plants in India.
Solar Power Capacity
Government of India’s target of installing 20 GW of solar power by 2022 was achieved four years ahead of schedule in January 2018, through solar parks as well as roof-top solar panels. India, however, has set a new target of achieving 100 GW of solar power by 2022. Four of the top seven largest solar parks worldwide are in India that includes the second largest solar park in the world at Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, with a capacity of 1000 MW. The world's largest solar power plant, Bhadla Solar Park is spread over an area covering 10,000 acres (40 km2) having a capacity of 2,255 MW, being located in Rajasthan.
Biomass Power Capacity
As of March 31, 2018, Biomass gasification and Bagasse co-generation had reached 8.3 GW installed capacity, while family type biogas plants had reached 3.98 million.
TAGS: Environmental pollution control | Paris Agreement | Wind Power |Solar Power | Biomass co-generation
SOURCE: Government of India Notifications | Times of India News service
Plagiarism Check report: Plagiarism: 6%; Unique: 94% [Government of India Notifications exempted]